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|Number||Group (A) & (B)|
|1||I.23||How the UK institutional, democratic and financial systems need to be adapted or amended to bring about large scale investment in low carbon energy infrastructure?|
|2||S.12||What is the role of culture change in adoption of carbon reducing processes, systems, behaviours and activities?|
|3||S.18||How best to engage with people and organisations to motivate them to make lifestyle changes (that result in reduced energy consumption)?|
|4||S.11||How do we develop new forms of governance to enable us to do things that we can’t do currently (e.g. bridge knowledge – action gap)|
|5||E.13||To what extent does demand reduction require cultural change, rather than individual behavioural change?|
|6||E.1||How can barriers to investing in energy use reducing processes and practices be overcome?|
Paul Allen, Centre for Alternative Technology (CAT) – 6.03.2012
The whole lecture provided a brief run through of the history of the world and energy production and consumption. In the beginning, the sun, producing 1kw of energy for every sq m and an assumption that the world has locked up 4.5bn years of solar energy.
The impact of fossil fuels, oil usage and application – the car industry impact on design of communities. Areas of the world with greater affluence/ energy consumption experienced economic growth which does not equate to the growth in happiness…… the assumption being that the more energy intensive communities = experience of increased isolation, the highest use of Prozac. Prompts the question ‘Can we imagine a positive future?’
Hence, the assembly of a positive vision, led by CAT, based on the political realism of now and the physical reality of 2030.
20% of countries create 80% of the problem. In the UK, the peak in discovery of oil was in 2005. The peak in bringing it to market is not known.
The UK is signed up to reduce carbon emissions by 80% by 2050 (the baseline year being 1990/91)
Key concepts used – power down (demand) and power up (use of renewables).
To secure investment in renewable through energy bonds – investment is a front end cost which would provide revenues for the future and the premise made was that the returns are predictable. More predictable than future gas prices.
Smart grid in the UK and an EU super grid.
Land use for energy production is critical, with implications for agriculture and impacts on rural life.
Wind – Increase off shore capacity and storage.
Tidal power – technology not fully tested but will require and estimated £400bn investment.
How do we make these changes? To develop a community of practice – there was a Parliamentary thrust – is that still in pace following the departure of Lembit Opec?
There is a big cultural challenge … as to a campaign for a positive future!
The full report is available at www.zerocarbonbritain.org or available in printed copy. I have one hard copy of the key points
Interesting website from Winchester:
Community Renewables workshop
No longer a cottage industry – need to think much bigger. These need to be a hybrid between community initiative and commercial enterprises ( eg a commercial enterprise giving one of a number of wind turbines to the community – with them using the rest commercially).
“ The Rough Guide to Community Energy” is downloadable from the Guardian
Recycling bags workshop
An idea for a national scheme to have barcoded tags on reusable bags – each time a bag was sued money would go to a local community group ( which could be REAP). This is in the early stages of development.
Links with academics workshop
Evaloc is researching the effect of low carbon community inittaives but the results won’t be out for a while
I spoke to someone after the session who mentioned two academics at Leeds who might be interested in collaborations
Paul Chatterton runs an activism and social change Masters, and Jane Middelmass ( is this the person Nigel is already linking to?)
We all listened to this presentation – this website might become a national one in the future.
http://projectdirt.com/ – and could allow us to let people know of events as part of a network of like minded groups in an area.
The overall thing for me from the Conference was to ask why Sheffield and Manchester apparently both have lively networks of a range of locally based groups but Leeds doesn’t.
Workshop on homes and energy efficiency
Delivered by Low Carbon West Oxford (LCWO) and Muswell Hill
- 1600 h’holds –terraces, average deprivation, young families
- Plus Industrial estate
- Local Flooding –issue that focused minds
Low Carbon Living Programme
- Aims –to encourage significant reductions in CO2
- To increase carbon consciousness
Recruitment of participants to the programme
- Accessible to all – regardless of time and available resources (eg made grants for babysitters)
- Proactive recruitment –leafleting and door knocking
- Multiple messages –
- fuel savings
- Save money
- Carbon reduction
- Community action (probably most important)
Programme has 3 legs to it –measuring, goal setting, support
- Leant OWL and eco-eye mini realtime display monitors
- All participants get loan of monitor
- Encourage monthly readings –I measure
- Assess how whole lifestyle affects carbon use –Quicksilver
- Action plans (vvg) and pledge postcards
- NEVER tell people what to do
- Participants set own goals
- Carbon-busting sessions (participants invited but also open to others) on Lighting and appliances, Heating and insulation, Travel, Food and cooking, Stuff, Green energy
- Information on grants available
- £100 grant from LCWO
- Peer to peer support –important to be part of a group sharing tips etc (nb carbon conversations material was recommended)
- Regular communication
Progress to date
In year 1 over 100 households reduced their carbon by over 2 tonnes
- focus on practical
- Balance detail with principles
- Local trusted source of information
- Work with friend and neighbours
- Be flexible level of involvement and choice of actions is up to participants
- Positive and guilt free and fun( guilt free is part of agreed ‘rules’)
- Enthusiasm of those who make big reductions can be tapped into
- Improving conversion rate of interest to participation
- Improving completion rates
- Tailoring support for tenants in private rented and social housing
- Engaging those with less time/motivation
- Improvement of technical support
- Time intensive to deliver
4000 households, loosely knit community, families/retired, time poor, affluent (therefore higher emissions)
- Work with limited number of householders to reduce emissions
- Increase general awareness of wasting energy and micro-generation
- Make it easy for householders to act
- Work with local businesses
2 Key programmes
100 homes programme and Low carbon buying group
100 homes carbon reduction programme
- Recruited at summer fairs and local group events over period of 6 months
- Baseline of carbon footprint and q’naire on measures already in place
- Tailored advice to householders
- Help householders find trusted suppliers (recommended by local user)
- DIY training events for simple measures eg draft proofing
- Training events on how to reduce carbon footprint
- Discounts on more expensive measures through bulk buying
Results 1 year on
- Overall reduction from programme by 16%
- Nb 50 people signed up –down to 27 by end of year
Low carbon buying group
- Solar renewables, boilers etc
- Thorough check of potential suppliers
- Must sign up to group to be part of it
- Small commission to group
- 38 installs by 12/11
Lessons from both programmes
- Volunteer time commitment is huge (vols move on etc)
- Converting interest into actual participation (160 registered, 50 did baseline, 27 completed
- Decide whether indepth programme or broader reach
- Tailor approaches to the community
- Time required and retaining volunteers
- Recruitment conversion retention
- Providing technical advice
Messages from the LCCN conference
- LCCN Chair Chris Church stressed the importance of grass roots local action at a time when public concern is in a trough and there is scant evidence of political concern or commitment
- Very impressive results achieved by Low Carbon Oxford. Interestingly Oxford CC’s goal is also a 40% reduction in carbon emissions by 2020
- Oxford has 67 active LCC groups and very effective collaboration between the groups. Oxford CC, business, commercial and social enterprise partners which taken together is building a grip on the city’s footprint
- Stressed the importance of measuring and monitoring, and how not to be intimidated by the “big boys” eg amazing how little the top brass of BMW knew about the issues
- Also stressed the importance of building on the city’s historic and industrial heritage
- Message from The Co-operative Group – resist “heroic amateurism” and embrace partnerships with the commercial sector even if it feels uncomfortable
- NB keep an eye out for news from The Co-operative Group – they are preparing a Manifesto for Ministers
Workshop on Community Action at city/county/regional levels. Community Action Groups Oxfordshire – a funded organisation – provides support to 38 local groups on tools to effect change, finance, insurance, publicity, training, websites etc. Each group follows a 6-stage model:
- 1. “Kitchen table stage”
- 2. Going public with widening interest and support
- 3. Enthusiastic action with activity under way NB groups can stop here or push on…
- 4. Planning a large scale/flagship project
- 5. Obtaining funding
- 6. Achieving financial stability/long term sustainability
- NB REAP is probably at level 3? (Low Carbon West Oxford is at level 6
- Presentation from Communities Cutting Carbon – Dr Andrew Reeves – Leicestershire and Rutland with De Montford University
- Similar model to REAP but funded (although about to lose support)
- Acts as a local support hub; e-newsletter to 250 people monthly; uses FB and Twitter; produces case studies; held a green fair; runs community allotments; produced a local green directory (see www.ruralcc.org.uk/green-directory) with help from a volunteer intern; got a grant for a thermal imaging camera; holds networking events; visits to good practice sites; hold public meetings to spark activity
- CONCLUSION – NEEDS A CORE OF COMMITTED VOLUNTEERS
- Presentation from Peter Bulmer – Cheshire and Warrington Sustainable Communities (includes Ashton Hayes in a network of 40+ groups
- Messages: know your community – where is the expertise? Don’t be afraid of media eg local radio; engage with univs – get students to help; engage with trade unions
- OVERALL – need to be part of a network of local communities; get your LA on side – Oxford CC is ready to evangelise to other Local Authorities (and this apparently is very rare…)
- Workshop on Community Buying – opportunity to negotiate installations with referral fee going to the local group
- Understand the opportunities to be offered via the Green Deal???
- But remember – people may benefit from discounts but they will not necessarily use less fuel as a result. Behaviour change is the key…..
- Workshop on Community and Local Authority partnerships. Clearly works very positively between Oxford CC and Low Carbon West Oxford. First cohort of 36 households reduced their emissions by 3.6 tonnes per household and this is being maintained. Oxford CC has adopted the programme for other communities. Why successful? Because people in the communities and at the city council have worked literally FOR YEARS to make it happen; lots of continuity of personnel; CATALYTIC COUNCILLORS looking to see how they can help officers NB not always the norm – Oxford may have exceptional councillors
- Muswell Hill network – signed people up by door knocking by known community reps
- Stressed the importance of using well known, active local people; the Council can add weight/branding/funding/gravitas?
- Much use made of “pledges” and sharing personal stories
CONCLUSIONS FOR REAP:
West Oxford et al showed how local groups can progress bottom up and become local authority partners. We have the opposite situation in Leeds where there is no clear network of local groups but the city council is looking for partners in a more top-down initiative? (ie interest in mini-Stern and the How to be a Sustainable City paper)
Interestingly both cities have the same goal ie 40% reduction by 2020.
There is a role for local groups as the money gets tight and local authorities are forced to recognise that other bodies can deliver public services.
But it would be great to be part of a network – we need to research the ones which apparently exist in Manchester and Sheffield?
Weekly, Monthly, Quarterly and Annual Metrocard holders travelling in West Yorkshire can take a companion for a flat fare of just £1 on Saturdays and Sundays between 7 January and 1 April 2012. Conditions apply – more info at www.wymetro.com.
Could you be missing out on major energy savings? One in ten energy customers could reduce their bills by £250, and free or discounted insulation could also be available for the over 70s, the disabled, and low income families. Call the Home Heat Helpline on 0800 336699.
People who were interested in the showing of the film Power of Community by REAP may also be interested in the following event which we have been asked to publicise:-
‘ Changes to the Cuban Economy ‘
Speaker : Dr Steve Ludlam , Senior Lecturer , Cuban and Latin American Politics , University of Sheffield
Venue : Leeds Civic Hall
Date : Thursday 20 October , 2011
Time : 7.30 p.m.
Entry is free
…Supporting community events in Roundhay…
Come and be inspired by the Cuba experience
Thursday 6 October 2011
19:45 Film and Discussion
St Andrew’s Church, Shaftesbury Avenue, Leeds LS8 1DS
REAP’s AGM and refreshments from 19:00
According to a recent study by Climate Change Consultancy the AEA, Yorkshire is one of the leading counties for the most solar photovoltaic (PV) installations in the UK*. Thousands of householders are now looking at solar power as a viable way to generate low carbon energy.
This recent boom is a result of the Feed-in-Tariff, a Government endorsed incentive which enables homeowners to access tax free subsidies when they invest in solar PV. Not only will homeowners generate free electricity, they also get paid for using it!
Over July and August, solar installation professionals YESrenewables will be contacting residents across Adel and Roundhay in a bid to bring solar PV to local residents. Trained advisors will be contacting homeowners to discuss the benefits of solar installations and the likely income generated through the Feed-in-Tariff programme. In some cases this can be as much as £1,500** a year based on combined income and savings. To access the Feed-in-Tariff, panels must be fitted by a Microgeneration Certification Scheme (MCS) accredited installer.
Despite common misconceptions, a solar PV system does not need to be south facing (although this will provide the best results). As long as there is a degree of direct sunlight without shading, most households which face South, East or West can benefit from a solar installation and generate electricity.
YESrenewables are a subsidiary of the award winning Yorkshire Energy Services, a Community Interest Company that advocate low carbon living. Established for community purposes, their assets and profits are dedicated to improving access to low carbon measures in local areas.
As well as contacting residents over the doorstep, representatives of YESrenewables in conjunction with the Energy Saving Trust will be present at the Roundhay Farmers Market on Sat 16th July. There, customers will have the chance to speak to the experts and receive advice on microgeneration and other energy saving initiatives.
For more information on YESrenewables call freephone: 0800 052 7496 or visit www.yesrenewables.co.uk.
Energy Saving Trust advice centre
South and West Yorkshire
Our celebration of local community activities, organised jointly by REAP, Friends of Roundhay Park, and Friends of Gledhow Valley Woods on 18 June, was a great success with even the weather on our side despite dire forecasts! See the Aboutmyarea link for more information and great pictures – http://www.aboutmyarea.co.uk/West-Yorkshire/Leeds/LS8/News/Local-News/198963-Roundhay-Live-a-Resounding-Success . Many thanks to everyone who attended or took part in any way. It showed how much can be achieved by volunteers with community engagement. A fantastic day was had by all.